Pitt set to welcome participants from twelve countries to “Bamboo in the Urban Environment” international symposium
PITTSBURGH (April 14, 2016) … The University of Pittsburgh will soon be the epicenter of a global discussion in novel and groundbreaking analysis of bamboo as a safe and sustainable construction resource in urban areas. “Bamboo in the Urban Environment” will bring together some of
the world’s leading experts in bamboo and sustainable design at Pitt’s Swanson School of Engineering May 4-6, 2016.
Participants will gather from the U.S. (and Puerto Rico) and UK, as well as Brazil, China, Colombia, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Nepal, the Philippines, and Vietnam. The symposium is part of a University of Pittsburgh-led consortium created by
the Global Innovation Initiative, a program funded by the U.S. and UK governments to foster multilateral research collaboration with higher education institutions in Brazil, China, India and Indonesia.
Led by symposium chair
Kent A. Harries, Associate Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Swanson School, the consortium includes
Coventry University (UK); collaborators at
Bogor Agricultural University (Indonesia); the
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (India); the
International Network for Bamboo and Rattan, an intergovernmental organization of 41 member states based in Beijing, China; and industry partners in the US and UK.
“Urban centers in developing and lagging countries often do not have the luxury to safe housing and other structures with traditional materials like wood, steel and polymers that we in first-world countries take for granted,” Dr. Harries explained. “Nearly one billion people worldwide already live in
non-engineered or vernacular bamboo structures, and so this symposium presents an opportunity for architects, builders and engineers to apply our technical skills to a traditional yet resilient and sustainable construction material.
“Bamboo is an amazing resource that combines high tensile strength with rapidly-renewable properties,” says Hans Friederich, INBAR‘s Director General. “Used strategically, it offers a low-cost, practical, and resilient building material for millions of urban dwellers in poor countries.
‘Bamboo in the Urban Environment’ will help raise the resource’s profile and ensure that bamboo is used more frequently by the construction sector.”
In addition to a range of presentations covering the latest bamboo research, the participants will discuss the development of structural engineered bamboo standards. A May 4 technical presentation, “Earth and Bamboo: Experience from Nepal,” by Nripal Adhikary, founder of ABARI, a socially
and environmentally committed research, design and construction firm that examines, encourages, and celebrates the vernacular architectural tradition of Nepal will discuss construction methods in the country after the April 2015 earthquake. Mr. Adhikary has also been consulting Pitt’s Senior Architectural
Design Studio class, whose focus was “post-earthquake Nepal.” Mr. Adhikary participated in the final project review for this course on April 28. The May 5 keynote is “Research and Development of Engineered Bamboo Structures – A State of the Art Report” by Yan Xiao, professor at Nanjing Technological University,
Bamboo as an Urban Construction Material
According to Dr. Harries, “there is an increasing socio-technical-economic gap developing between scientifically “advanced” countries (e.g. US and UK) and those that are “proficient” (e.g. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), “developing” (e.g. Indonesia) and “lagging” (e.g. Nepal). For those proficient, developing or lagging countries, a lack of stable infrastructure is cited as a primary barrier to the adoption of technology, while the increased emphasis by advanced countries on ‘sustainable practices’ is viewed as largely unattainable. Compounding this, migration of the rural poor into urban centers places even greater pressure on informal urban settlements around the world. Exposure to natural hazards and the effects of global climate change further compound the global grand challenge of providing adequate and safe urban housing. Bamboo, one of the world’s oldest construction resources, is now being rediscovered as a viable, sustainable and engineered alternative to present construction practices in many areas of the world.”
Dr. Harries’ research interests include the use of non-traditional construction materials such as bamboo, which he describes as “the most rapidly renewable structural material in the world.” Bamboo can grow up to 30 meters in six months and be mature for structural purposes within three
years, achieving mechanical properties that surpass those of oak. When used in its untransformed pole-form, bamboo has a smaller environmental impact than other conventional structural materials, including timber. Bamboo’s light weight and relative flexibility make it a particularly attractive alternative
for residential construction in seismic regions.
Global Innovation Initiative
The Global Innovation Initiative is funded by the UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, which also serves as the implementing partner in the UK; and the U.S. Department of State. In the United States, the Institute of International Education is implementing the grant program in partnership with the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. The Global Innovation Initiative was created to support multilateral research collaboration to address global challenges, in keeping with the vision of UK Prime Minister David Cameron and U.S. President Barack Obama’s joint statements on UK and U.S. higher education co-operation in 2011and 2012.
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Founded in 1867, the Civil and Environmental Engineering program at the University of Pittsburgh’s Swanson School of Engineering is one of the oldest engineering programs in the U.S. Civil engineering students at Pitt have the opportunity to engage in undergraduate and graduate programs in a broad range of topics, including environmental engineering and water resources, geotechnical and pavements, structural engineering and mechanics, and sustainability and green design.
International Network of Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR)
The International Network of Bamboo and Rattan is an intergovernmental organization of 41 member states which promotes innovative ways of using bamboo and rattan to improve rural livelihoods, protect the environment, and address climate change. INBAR connects a global network of partners from government, private and NGO sectors to promote a global agenda for sustainable development using bamboo and rattan. INBAR’s new ‘Construction Taskforce’ coordinates the activities of international research institutes and commercial companies interested in the structural uses of bamboo. www.inbar.int/construction-design
Contact: Paul Kovach